This title publishes short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology.
American Museum Novitates has been continuously published by the American Museum of History since 1921.Requiring information about the cratering potential of nuclear weapons, plans were made to detonate two 20-kiloton (84 TJ) devices. Killian, the Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, formed the Panel on Seismic Improvement (which subsequently recommended the program that came to be known as Vela Uniform), with the twin goals of improving seismic instruments and deploying them globally, and researching in more depth the seismic effects of nuclear explosions.The 1.7-kiloton (7.1 TJ) "Rainier" test (part of Operation Plumbbob, performed in Nevada) produced strong seismic signals, but looked much like an ordinary earthquake. The goal was "to determine the behavior and characteristics of seismic signals generated by nuclear detonations and to differentiate them from seismic signals generated by naturally occurring earthquakes." It was a "calibration shot", intended to produce data from which the impact of larger explosions could be predicted, and specifically, to determine whether the planned Cannikin detonation could be performed safely.The journal publishes research in French and English.Advances in Applied Biodiversity Science, published by Conservation International through 2007, was a monograph series that addressed topical issues in conservation science, such as bushmeat hunting, infrastructure development, and climate change.